Menachem Creditor


On August 13th and August 23rd, Josh Kornbluth and Rabbi Menachem Creditor engaged in a public conversation about Israel, Zionism, Judaism, Peace, and American Jewish activism.

Overwhelmed by Argument
with Josh Kornbluth and Rabbi Menachem Creditor
The description of and rules for the conversation are below. It was an intense conversation between two loving friends who both love Israel and ache for Peace, who both believe in two states and are both pained by Israeli and Palestinian deaths. The disagreements were passionate, nuanced, and respectful. This was, of course, only the beginning of the work ahead.

The Rules of the Conversation
We care, and because we care, we despair. Will there be any outcome for Israelis and Palestinians, for Israel and Palestine, in which both Peoples are acknowledged and respected? Where one group’s national aspirations are not deemed unworthy? This is the conversation Josh wants to have, the conversation we believe we need. We need is as Jews. We need it as people. We need it as one People among many Peoples. Will there ever be a solution? We don’t know. We worry. Everyone suffers when some suffer. And so someone who cares is convening a loving, respectful conversation with a very clear mandate: More hope, More dignity, More love.

Here are the rules for the conversation Josh invited us to share:

1) If your position is that Israel should cease to exist as the Jewish Homeland, that is not the conversation we are going to have.
2) If you believe Jews are better than Palestinians, that is not the conversation we are going to have.
3) If you believe that only Jews have the right to a state, that is not the conversation we are going to have.
4) If you believe Israel’s concerns about security are imagined, that is not the conversation we are going to have.

The jumping-off-point for our conversations were these two books:

My Promised Land by Ari Shavit

The Crisis of Zionism by Peter Beinart

Videos of the Two-Night Conversation are now online!
Part I
Part II

Posted by admin under A meaningful life, In the News, Israel
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3 teens kidnapped

Perhaps you have been following the kidnapping of 3 boys in Israel. One was age 19 and the other two were only 16. There was steely hope that some terrorist group would claim responsibility and demand money or the release of some of their jailed compatriots. But unfortunately it was not to be and their bodies were found yesterday. Apparently they were murdered soon after they were kidnapped.

The reactions have ranged from, now we must kill all terrorists to now Israel must get out of the West Bank to, what I find more realistic, so long as each side is in such pain neither side will recognize the other’s pain and no progress can be expected.

A few years ago a friend of mine went to live in Israel for a year. Her American eyes were opened to the completely different culture of that region. She told me, “Here, to turn the other cheek is seen as expressing weakness and you can’t negotiate from a place of weakness. Here you must return a blow for a blow or you will not be respected.”

Wow. Yeah, that’s really not American cultural thinking at all. So I sit in America, safe, and know that I cannot judge the actions of those who are under attack daily. And by that I mean everyone in that anguished land.

What I do know is that Jews are responsible for one and other. Now don’t fall over in a faint. We are all responsible for each other AND the sad reality is that very few non-Jews will stand up for a Jew. (Did you know that the great American songbird, Kate Smith, received death threats for singing God Bless America BECAUSE it was written by a Jew? That was less than a century ago.) So to all the non-Jews reading this – thank you. I know you would not sit idly by as your spouse, children, in-laws were threatened. Non-Jews in the Jewish family means that more people will, like Kate Smith, stand up and say, not on my watch.

All I ask of you is to say a prayer (I don’t care whether it involved “God” or not, you can just address yourself to the great cosmic wonder that is the universe). A prayer, or a directing of your thoughts to this: May the families of these boys be comforted. May they know that we all offer them our hearts. And may the people who did this terrible deed be healed to the point that they realize that it was wrong. May they come away from the brink of a despair so God-awful that murder seemed reasonable.

Pour out your own love on a world that so very much needs it. Need an idea? Look at this —

A woman wrote:

Who can begin to recount the kindness and giving we have witnessed over the past difficult 18 days?

This Friday, wherever you are, please do an act of kindness or giving in memory of Our Boys and the lives they led.
One catch – please do the act of kindness to someone for whom it is difficult for you to be kind. We all have them. Please do something generous to the neighbor you dislike. Do something kind to your coworker with whom you have virulently differing political views. Give something to the very needy family member you can’t stand. It doesn’t need to be big, and it doesn’t have to be given in public.

In memory of Naftali, Gil-ad and Eyal.

Let’s fight the unkindness in ourselves. Begin here, in our own hearts and minds.

May peace come to all of us, everywhere and may it begin with us.

Posted by admin under A meaningful life, In the News, Israel
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Korean_Adoptive_family from Kidworldcitizen org

A mother sent me this question about her adopted child.

I am Jewish and my husband is not. We adopted a girl, 8 months old, whose birth mother is not Jewish. We belong to a Reform synagogue and our rabbi said if we raise our daughter with Jewish lifecycle events and synagogue life, she is considered Jewish by the Reform movement. My problem is I don’t feel like that’s enough to make her Jewish. My daughter is Korean and I think people will question her Jewish identity. I would like to have her converted but I can’t do that without my rabbi, right? And what do I tell my husband? — Happy to Be a Mother

My reply:

Dear Happy Mom: You are the born Jew in your nuclear family. As such your perspectives hold a great deal more weight than any other person in the lives of your husband and daughter. If you don’t feel your daughter is Jewish, chances are she will pick up on your ambivalence and so might your husband. You need to do what works for you, even if it isn’t what your rabbi and your movement profess.

What you want to do is not against Jewish law or tradition. You want the validation that comes with the conversion process. For the sake of both you and your family, you need to find peace of mind and confidence in your daughter’s Jewish identity.

Chances are that your rabbi was hastening to assure you, but not forbidding you to convert her. Do you feel close to your rabbi? Can you call him or her and go meet to discuss your feelings? A good rabbi will listen to you and respond to your needs. I have specifically asked Reform rabbis whether they would support taking an adopted child to the mikvah and have they have said yes. If your rabbi is more worried about his or her views on the Reform position than on your feelings, you may have the wrong rabbi.

Since you are considering conversion, let me flesh out the options.

Conversion for an infant or child begins with the trip to the mikvah, the ritual bath. There are special tricks that help a baby go under water holding her breath. The mikvah folks will help with this. In the Reform movement, going to the mikvah could be all you need to do, if it works for you. In Conservative or Orthodox Jewish practice, children are given the option of choosing to continue to be Jewish or to reject it when they come of age — bat mitzvah age. At this point, the child can make a declaration of faith before a beit din (rabbinic court) and go forward as an adult Jew. Or the child could reject the choice that was made for him or her.

In modern America, this can feel like an odd time to make this offer because many preteens have just starting to distance themselves from their parents. On the other hand, it is an age when the child is particularly interested in being “different, just like my friends,” so if she is going to Hebrew school and all her friends are having a bat mitzvah, she will probably also want to have one.

Explain to your husband what we’ve covered here. Describe to him how Judaism has historically brought people into the Jewish community and how that tradition speaks to you.

Next you need to talk to your rabbi. You and your husband should determine whether he should accompany you. I trust your rabbi will support your desire. If he or she does not, then contact me again. While you need a rabbi’s help to convert your child, it doesn’t have to be your congregational rabbi.

You also mentioned that your daughter’s Korean background has heightened your concern about her Jewish identity. Honestly, you are right. There are people, both Jews and non-Jews, who think they know what Jews look like and who will question her. By going to the mikvah, you can give her something very concrete to hold onto. Something for you to remember is that there are more and more multiracial Jews, especially here in the Bay Area — so your family is part of an ever-growing segment of our community. Experts estimate that about 20 percent of Bay Area Jewish families are multiracial. In coming years, I encourage you to help her participate in multiracial Jewish events, such as Be’chol Lashon’s summer camp when she gets older, so she has immersion experiences.

A comment from a reader:
Great response, Dawn! I think it’s all in how you raise them. Rachel doesn’t seem at all ambivalent about her Jewish identity. We make it fun– Shabbat, Hebrew school, PJ Library, etc, and it’s what we do/who we are as a family. I think sometimes these concerns come less from a place of concern about Jewish identity and more out of concern related to issues of adoption. If she is YOUR daughter, she is YOUR child, she is your JEWISH child. That’s how I see it. Right now Rachel is just worried that she’s not Irish– ha ha– and is telling people that she knows Mommy is Irish, so maybe she is too, but really just feels Jewish. Go figure!

March 2014 Mixed and Matched column on J-weekly.

Posted by admin under In the News, Intercultural, Jews of Color, Parenting
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easter eggs

From the Mixed and Matched column in the J-weekly.

The question:
My son-in-law isn’t Jewish. My daughter and he took their 2- and 4-year-old sons to a huge Easter egg hunt this year. It’s the first time they’ve done that and it really upset me. I’m sure my daughter knows this bothered me. I haven’t said anything because they say they are raising the boys Jewish and I don’t want to jeopardize that. I’m so upset. What should I do? I want to remain close to my daughter but I feel like this is just the first step in a downhill process away from Judaism. — Distraught Grandmother

Dear Distraught: I’m sorry this has hit you so hard. Let’s see if we can cut this down to a manageable size. You are close to your daughter and you believe she knows you are upset. The best thing to do is to have an honest conversation with her that’s not colored by negativity that will put her off.

Let’s begin by taking a look at your fears. Read more.

Posted by admin under Grandparents, Holidays, In the News, Mixed & Matched, Non-Jewish family
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In my January 2014 column, Mixed and Matched, I shared a letter from a Jewish Dad who felt his wife was not doing enough to raise his children as Jews. After reading the article a gentleman who is the non-Jewish husband in a couple who has participated in my programs wrote a very astute article expressing his thoughts as they have developed on this topic. Here is Peter Gardner’s article.

Peter Gardner

You can read a non-Jewish Mother’s thoughts here.

Posted by admin under A meaningful life, Children, In the News, Parenting, Spirituality
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Alef Bet

In January 2014 my Mixed and Matched column addressed the concerns a Jewish Dad had about his wife’s ‘failure’ to raise the kids Jewish. Many people reacted to the article with some anger at his failure to take responsibility for raising his own children. But some non-Jewish spouses had other thoughts.

One non-Jewish mother had this to say:

I agree that the Dad needs to get more involved but I would not want him to necessarily “lead the way”. I am not Jewish but am raising my children Jewish. I don’t take a back seat to my Jewish family members and would not want them to “lead the way” in my children’s spiritual upbringing. I think instead it is important for the non-Jewish parent (who has agreed to have a Jewish home) to determine how best to embrace Judaism in a way that resonates personally with him/her.

In fact, I chose the Jewish preschool that felt most comfortable to me. I chose our temple. I go to the schools to spin dreidles and host parties for the Jewish holidays. I have one chance to raise my children and their spirituality is important enough to me that I want a central role in guiding my children (rather than deferring that to others). That is why, when I learn of Jewish traditions, I determine which ones are meaningful to me and have the most parallels with my own upbringing. And then I embrace these traditions and weave them into the fabric of the family that my husband and I are building, together.

I would suggest that the husband ask his wife what spiritual traditions were meaningful to her growing up. For instance, did she say a certain prayer? Can she weave elements of this prayer into Shabbat? Make date nights to go to services and let her choose the temple that feels best to her.

As you point out, his wife agreed to raise their children in a religion that is somewhat foreign to her. As much as possible, he should let her take the lead in defining elements of a Jewish life that resonate with her—including choosing a temple and adopting meaningful traditions. I believe this is the surest way for her to embrace Judaism, and therefore their family to embrace Judaism.

Every couple will have their own approach to raising their children. Just be sure that you and your partner are openly discussing both your desires.

Posted by admin under A meaningful life, In the News, Jewish holidays at home, Jewish Learning, Parenting, Spirituality
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Camp Kee Tov

Camp Kee Tov

I’ve begun writing a column, Mixed and Matched, for the local San Francisco Bay Area Jewish newspaper, the J-Weekly. My first column is No Follow-through on Agreement to Raise Jewish Kids.

A Jewish father wrote to me:

I’m Jewish, my wife is not. I told her before we got married that I wanted our kids to be Jewish, and she agreed. But she’s not doing anything — she’s not even trying to teach the kids how to be Jewish. How can I get her to move on this and keep her promise? — Frustrated Dad

Many of you have heard me respond to questions of this sort. I am a strong advocate of the idea that the Jewish partner must step up. You can read my reply here.

Posted by admin under In the News, Mixed & Matched, Parenting, Relationships
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My daughter, a math – science person, loves this one-liner, “Have you heard about the statistician that drowned while crossing a river with an average depth of 4 feet?” Get it? Numbers can mess with us.

Conrad Hackett-160x239
Conrad Hackett
(Honestly, doesn’t he look like that bad guy on Lost?)

Right now (Nov 2013) we are living in the backwash of the PEW study on American Jews. So while I will continue to share useful information with you, I’d need to break it up with some humor.

Here my current favorite quote – both what he SAID and what I thought he said.

Conrad Hackett of PEW Research tweeted:
Being a statistician means never having to say you’re certain.

What I heard in my head:
Being a statistic means never having to say you’re certain.

Both make me laugh. Numbers are interesting. They give us snapshots of our community; snapshots that in real time immediately move on. They are worth knowing. But they are not alive. All the individuals living in interfaith relationships are people. All of YOU are living in real time with me. Nevermind the stats, contact me if you need some help.

Now go do a Sudoku puzzle.

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PEW Jewishsurvey

This has been… hm, let’s say an interesting week. On Monday the PEW Research Study on the American Jewish community came out. Great! But then the reactions began and my blood began to boil.

So I did what many 21st century Americans do, I went on Facebook and posted the link to an absurd article that proposed we solve intermarriage by encouraging conversion and said this:
“You’re going to need to do some deep breathing while you read this article but I need for you to read it. The Jewish Daily Forward offers 4 suggestions regarding the PEW findings. Number 3 is an idea to respond to intermarriage… invite conversion. Hello Jewish Forward, 1950s are calling. Yes, pick up that cone shaped receiver and speak into the cone voice piece on the wall.

Intermarriage and conversion
My question was: Should conversion be made more accessible? Yes. Is it the ‘solution’ to intermarriage, NO! Should we celebrate the unique beauties of Judaism? Yes! Should we expect that to be sufficient to MAKE people decide to become Jewish? NO! In 1990 there was a huge effort to respond to intermarriage in the Jewish community. In 2003 it ground slowly to a halt. I watched my professional colleagues around the US have their programs eliminated one by one. What ever couple needs and deserves is a human being who is in their own community to guide them through the resources, the lifecycle events, the ups and downs of their own unique marriage and life story! No, a website, an email list, an online class doesn’t give people the focused and individual guidance that every human being deserves! Yes, it sure is cheaper to fund a website or someone to send out emails. How would you like for your children’s doctor to handle you online? How would you like that odd rash looked at via skype? or you could just google ‘odd rash’ and see what comes up.
If you are a person or a couple who has benefited by my program, Building Jewish Bridges, would you please make a statement here? Do interfaith couples deserve support?

Here are some replies.
(Got a response? email it to me at

I don’t understand why they are trying to take the one-on-one out of the equation! I felt that if I could talk to someone that had gone through what I was going through, I would be able to sort through my feelings, and experiences and integrate them better. Who wants to talk to a machine? I benefited best by interacting with people, not doing things online. Each person’s experience is unique and can add to the next person’s. And yes, Dawn, Building Jewish Bridges helped me greatly along the way. — Gabriella J

We definitely deserve support. It’s an odd path as to where each family needs to figure out their needs but also need to able to speak to someone. To be able to see what other families are doing. It’s basically the new inter-racial type issues. – Jamie F

Dawn, you and Building Jewish Bridges have helped us immensely. It is so important to feel like you have someone in your corner, and to see that you aren’t an island, that there are lots of families who have similar challenges to yours, and to know you are welcome in the Jewish community as an interfaith couple. A website doesn’t do that, people welcoming you does. One thing which I strongly disagree with in this article is that conversion is the only answer to the problem of intermarried families not raising their kids Jewish. I think, in fact, that that message does particular harm to the Jewish community. Many non-Jews who intermarry with Jews would, for various personal reasons not consider conversion, but would consider raising their children Jewish knowing they were welcome. I think the real issue, deserving of much thought, is not “how do we stop these fools from intermarrying?”, but how do we need to shift and change and continue the reinterpreting of tradition which has always happened to respond to a changing, increasingly secular world? And I think the answers are out there, and they are the same answers to “What do we do about intermarriage?” We stop focusing on Jewish life looking exactly like it did in some fantasized about idyllic past, a la American 50’s nuclear family nostalgia, and instead focus on what is working really well. Synagogues like Netivot Shalom which are thriving and bursting with young people as well as older people. Minyans like Mission Minyan and East Bay Minyan which bring Jews together across denomination lines, and which are very popular. We fund Jewish experiences and organizations on campus, where young Jews are flocking to Chabad dinners as the only Jewish option on campus. They should have access to a variety of Jewish communities. We stop worrying that a potential demise or shrinkage of the USJC means the end of conservative Judaism, and think instead about other creative ways to support the institutions which are less immediately relevant to young people but still vital (like rabbinical schools and summer camps). When intermarried couples find Judaism interesting and relevant, and find communities which speak to them, respect them, and truly, truly welcome them, there isn’t so much need to worry about intermarriage. In admittedly anecdotal experience, when Jews are deeply involved in the community, they are likely to either marry in, or marry out but remain in the community and have Jewish families and homes, bringing their non-Jewish partner into the community, even if not halachicly. It is when Jews are ambivalent about Judaism that they are more likely to marry out and not participate in Jewish life. Which to me indicates the issue truly rests not in the intermarriage, but in the appeal of 20th c. Jewish institutions to 21st c. young adults, especially secular young Jews. Which is not a crisis either. It’s just a shift. –Caroline T

First, YES, as a child of intermarriage, as an intermarried Jew, and as a member of my synagogue’s board of directors, I’m very appreciative for Building Jewish Bridges.
Second, I understand that there’s a strong *correlation* between intermarriage and lack of Jewish participation, but I strongly suspect they’re missing the boat to say it’s *causation*. My experience is that there are plenty of Jews out there who haven’t found a spiritual home or community that’s meaningful to them. THAT’S what we need to change. To the extent that we create open, meaningful, spiritually vibrant homes for today’s Jews (of all ages, single, intermarried, or married to a Jew) the rest will be much easier to sort out…either because it makes folks more motivated to find Jewish partners or because it makes non-Jewish partners more interested in conversion or — very likely — because it makes a wonderful spiritual home for happily intermarried couples to raise Jewish kids in. –Jeff F

Kudos, JF. I think mixing up causation and correlation is exactly the issue in this article, and in many Jews’ minds. –Caroline T

All of these excellent points bring us back to the importance of in-person outreach to couples who want to be involved in Jewish community and need help figuring out how to go about finding a place that fits their specific family. We had decided what to do before we came to Building Jewish Bridges, but we didn’t know HOW to do it yet. More than a decade later we are up to our elbows in synagogue activities, and I’m happy to say that no one is pressuring me to convert because they recognize that it’s not something anyone should be pressured into doing. (I’ve never belonged to a congregation–Jewish or Christian–that wouldn’t fill the hands of anyone who said, “how can I help?”) — Pam C

Interfaith outreach is the only reason that my children are easily being raised Jewish! My husband and I wrestled with this issue for years prior to taking your class and within weeks, we came to a solution that made us both happy and that included raising our children Jewish. Life would be easier if my husband were Jewish and even perhaps had he converted but there is no way I would have become a Christian for anyone. Our family works for us and if it weren’t for the opportunity and support of an interfaith community, I have no doubt that our children would be celebrating Christmas and having a vague idea that their mother is something called Jewish. –Sylvia K

If joining a synagogue had included my husband being pressured to convert, we would not have joined. I think it would have caused more stress in our family and may have resulted in our daughter getting less–or no–Jewish training, which would have been very hard for me (not to mention my family). So I think leaning on conversion as a solution would be entirely counterproductive. You make a Jewish community attractive and welcoming to families with varying needs, and they will come. And, yes, having professionals who can help families navigate the sometimes surprising difficulties of interfaith families is important. My parents were interfaith and were confronted with different issues than my interfaith husband and I are—having Dawn to ask questions to and talk to is enormously helpful. A website would have been largely useless in such instances. –JS

That article presumes that intermarriage is akin to “rejecting” or “discarding” Judaism, which is unsubstantiated within the article and certainly not my experience. My parents were interfaith and we had a Jewish household; my husband and I are interfaith and are raising a Jewish kid and building a Jewish home; I have many friends and relatives in similar circumstances. To assume that intermarriage equates to leaving Judaism is, I think, plainly wrong, but also contains a whole set of assumptions about why a Jew might choose to marry a non-Jew. I am sure that for every three Jews who are in interfaith marriages there are at least four reasons for it.

I have a non-Jewish friend with a Jewish boyfriend who fasted this year on Yom Kippur, but didn’t know about any community resources to access a service. Friends who are about, G!d willing, to have a lovely jewish daughter, one a jew and one not, hosted me for break-the-fast in their jewish home! In my generation (30-somethings), I think the feeling is that we have to do this kind of creative jewish-community building with non-jewish partners OUTSIDE of a synagogue or jewish community, have to “figure it out” on our own and then show up at shul with our ducks in a row. BJB and Dawn help people feel connected WITHIN the right community for them – i’ve seen her recruit buddies for people who want to attend services, and talk with couples about the options in their area. Online resources are another way of telling people to sit at home and “figure it out” – that’s not the way to build community. And with other doors that seem open wider, if we feel shut out, my generation might choose other ways of identifying, and forge our jewishness apart from the community that would really benefit from our presence. — Sarah C

Dawn’s interfaith couples classes were important to our growth as a couple before our engagement. They were helpful in accelerating my understanding of interfaith/intercultural issues and ways to ameliorate them. As a Catholic, it provided a more well-rounded sense of Stefanie’s Jewish heritage and opened my eyes to ways in which Jews can be made to feel, well, bad. I learned the importance of language. Don’t say, “Catholics and non-Catholics”, Jim! That said, I politely ask not to be called a Gentile. (Goy boy toy is fine.) Symbols are also powerful. Crucifixes are not only symbols of Catholicism but to some can be reminders of forced conversions and the centuries-old myth of who killed Jesus. (FWIW, this myth was actually a surprise to me. When Catholics recite the Passion on Palm Sunday, it is made quite clear that WE the sinful called for Jesus’s death. Anyhoo…)

Dawn was a coach, a minister, and teacher rolled into one. One of Dawn’s reflections was quite wise, something like, “Do you believe God keeps the promises he makes? (Yes.) Do you believe he can make different promises to different people? (Sure.) Can you believe he made different promises to Jews and Christians, amongst others? (Whoa.)” Since there is always more to learn, I still follow Dawn’s posts and emails. Here I am learning again.

>>Caroline: Many non-Jews who intermarry with Jews would, for various personal reasons not consider conversion, but would consider raising their children Jewish knowing they were welcome.

Definitely. On a related note, I have never felt unwelcome at a Jewish event. Heck, I’m the one who wants to throw big seders because they’ve been such positive experiences for me.

>> Caroline: the issue truly rests not in the intermarriage, but in the appeal of 20th c. Jewish institutions to 21st c. young adults
>> Jeff: My experience is that there are plenty of Jews out there who haven’t found a spiritual home or community that’s meaningful to them.

Yes. Making one’s communities/institutions more welcoming for young adults can only help make them more welcoming for young couples and families, regardless of whether they’re interfaith. Why push them out when you can bring them in?

It is the same with Catholic young adults. I found a desert of Church-related activities in my twenties and early thirties. I am happy to say that has changed in the last few years at a new church and my local Knights of Columbus council. Notably, I have even more of an appreciation for community – beyond just Mass and the sacraments — given what I have learned of the importance of Synagogue communities.

Some interfaith asides:
– Please try to see the movie, “Gentleman’s Agreement.” It is easy to watch “Schindler’s List,” hate those who murdered Jews, and love those who saved them. It is more challenging to grapple with the subtler forms of bigotry.
– My Jewish family & friends seem even more delighted with our new pope, Francis, than my Catholic ones. Maybe it’s natural that some more liberal Jews are aligned with a less conservative pope… or maybe they’re just more active on FB.
– The book, “Judaism and Christianity: The Differences,” by Trude Weiss-Rosmarin is a VERY challenging one for Christians. It could set off arguments in an interfaith couple. I certainly had my criticisms but am glad to have read it. — Jim W

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The J-Weekly ran an article, The State of Our Shuls, that I found inflammatory. It pushed lots of the usual fear buttons. I’m against fear so I wrote a reply.


Posted by admin under A meaningful life, Community, In the News, Synagogues
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